Have you ever thought about different types of hackers? and what motivates them to learn their craft? Whenever I think about hackers I imagine a person like the picture below. what about you?
People think hackers are negative people in the online world, but we all know there’s more to the story. In this digitally connected world, an increasing number of devices are connecting to the internet and communicating with each other. As many devices offering little security, they are at risk of being vulnerable to malware and cyber-attacks. Now let’s see what motivates hackers first, and how they differ from each other.
1. Financial gain
Most forms of malware in circulation today are meant to make money. Cyber criminals can gain financial rewards by being hired by nation states or through their own means. It would be the best motivation for hackers to devote their time in order to create complex and well-planned attacks.
These types of attacks are among the most common cyber threats businesses face. Additionally it can be in the form of hack-back. Hack-backs are a tempting response to a frustrating situation.
As you know curiosity leads to discovery, it can leads someone to become a hacker! With this curiosity, individuals may want to begin hacking to find out how a network or system operates. By learning new methods and accessing to small items, they may like to enhance their skills and learn more new techniques. Testing out new hacking methods would change them into skill full hackers.
Using hacking tool software would bring access for hackers to identify vulnerabilities on different websites and take advantage of personal data including bank account passwords. For some, cyber criminality is a career, for others it is a sign of power. Hackers may commit attacks for bragging. As an example, the motivation of a 17-year-old who hacked TalkTalk in 2015 was boasting to his friends!
5. Ethical hacking
Ethical Hacking is an act of penetrating into system or networks to find out vulnerabilities which a malicious attacker may find. The purpose of ethical hacking is to improve the security of the network or systems by fixing the vulnerabilities found during testing. Ethical hackers may use the same methods and tools used by the malicious hackers but with the permission of the authorized person. They do this in order to improve the security and protect the systems from attacks by malicious users. These hackers are expected to report all the vulnerabilities and weakness found during the process.
Now, you think that hackers are all the same or they differ from each other?No matter if you don’t know the answer. We are here to explain it. There are 10 types of hackers you should know.
1. White hat
Briefly talking, white hat hackers benefit society. This kind of hackers use their skills to improve security by finding out the vulnerabilities before malicious hackers. Actually, white hat hackers do ethical hacking as it is mentioned above. They have permission to use the same methods that malicious hackers do. So they can test and then protect the security of systems or networks.
2. Black hat
Black hat hackers are also called malicious hackers. You should be worried about them. Unlike white hat hackers, this kind of hackers use their skill to penetrate into systems or networks for their personal malicious reasons. They may release malware that destroys files, steals passwords, credit card numbers, and other personal information.
3. Gray hat hacker
They place somewhere between the two above. Gray hat hackers may sometimes break laws or typical ethical standards, but they act without malicious intent. Their purpose is to improve system and network security. One of the most common examples given of a gray hat hacker is someone who exploits a security vulnerability in order to spread public awareness that the vulnerability exists. By contrast, a white hat hacker may do it privately in order to alert the company, without making the results public.
4. Green hat
This is one of the different types of hackers who is fresh in the hacking world. These newbies have a desire to become skillful hackers and are very curious to learn. Green hat hackers can cause significant damage to a system without knowing what they’ve done and worse – how to reverse it.
5. Blue hat
The main purpose of this kind of hackers is to take revenge on anyone who makes them angry. Actually they have no desire for learning hacking methods and may use simple cyber attacks.
6. Red hat
Red Hat Hackers have the same purpose as white hat hackers, which in simple words is to stop the acts of black hat hackers. White hats want to see black hats prosecuted for their crimes but red hats, in a way, want to do more harm to the black hat.
7. Script kiddies
A script kiddie is usually nowhere near the level of being able to hack into an advanced system; so they tend to stick to weakly secured systems. As they often lack the skills to write their own hacking programs, they may use hacking programs written by other hackers.
8. Nation sponsored
They are the ones that are employed by their nation’s government to gain confidential information from other governments. They have advanced tools to target rival nations, companies, and individuals.
Hacktivist is a hacker or a group of anonymous hackers who often hack government and organizations to gain attention or share their dissatisfaction over opposing their line of thought. So, they think they can bring about social changes.
10. Malicious insider
Malicious insiders are considered as one of the different types of hackers. A malicious insider can be an employee that takes confidential institutional data for some malicious target. He/she might be from rivals to gain trade secrets of their opponents. Malicious insiders can take advantage of their easy access to information and their role within the company to hack the system.
I hope this post helped you to have a new insight into different types of hackers and hacking world. Improve your cyber security to protect yourself from cyber threats and different types of hackers mentioned above. Have a secure web experience.
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