Generally people think there is almost no difference between these two. But it is not the case. These are both security threats that you have to take into account. But do you know the difference? Here we bring to you the difference between the two. In order to understand the methodology of a hacker or cracker, one must understand what a hacker or a cracker is. We should talk about the meaning of each of them at first.
Hacker: is someone who programs creatively and usually for the pure enjoyment of it. He/she identifies the flaws in the security systems and works to improve them. Hackers do not access any system or network illegally. They are the ethical hackers who stay within the limits of the law.
Cracker: is some one who breaks into computer systems, uses the flaws in the security systems to take advantage of it. Crackers maliciously gain access to the accounts of people and they can misuse the secured information across networks.
- Purpose: Hackers looking out for vulnerabilities to overcome them by breaking into secure networks. But crackers have malicious purposes and they try to break into secure networks for this target.
- Grade level: Hackers have an advanced level of knowledge while crackers are not as skillful as them. Crackers rarely make their own program and tools. Instead, they steal it from others.
- Knowledge of computer programs: Although crackers are inefficient in the case of computer programs, hackers have upper hand in such cases.
- Known for: Hackers are mostly known as the ones who build things. They always do constructive work. On the other side, crackers are known for breaking the things. They create nothing and destroy much.
As a conclusion we can say crackers are also hackers. But their ways of works differ a lot. While a hacker works totally in the interest of a company or an individual, the cracker works totally in an opposite manner. Also, crackers and hackers are respectively known as black hats and white hats. This is where the line is actually drawn between the two.