It is also known as “digital law” or “internet law”. Cyber law is the area of law that regulates how people use the internet. Hence, it deals with the Internet’s relationship to technological and electronic elements, including computers, software, hardware and information systems.
Cyber laws can be divided into criminal laws and civil laws. Any law or regulation that involves how people use computers, smartphones, the internet and other related technology is cyber law. As technology changes, the laws that control electronic communication change, too. In order to protect yourself from cyber crimes, understanding cyber law is important to anyone who uses the internet.
Cyber law contains many different types of law
Copyright: It defends the rights of individuals and companies to profit from their creative works.
Defamation: Defamation law is the area of law that protects a person’s reputation from untrue public statements that can hurt a person’s reputation.
Trade secrets: A trade secret is information about a business that could give advantages to rival person or business. Therefore trade secrets laws can help to protect multiple forms of IP. This includes formulas, patterns, and processes.
Contracts: When you register for a website, you have to agree to
the terms and conditions of service. This is a contract.
patents: It deals with inventor’s exclusive right to make, use or sale an invention for a set number of years.
Fraud: It exists to prevent financial crimes that happen online. Consequently it protects consumers from online frauds.
Harassment and stalking: A person may break criminal and civil laws by making threatening statements about someone else online. Therefore cyber lawyers both prosecute and defend people when stalking occurs using the internet and other forms of electronic communication.
Freedom of speech: It advise the clients on the limits of freedom of speech which includes laws that prohibit obscenity.
What happens if you break a cyber law?
It depends on the type of cyber law you broke, where you broke it, where you live, and who you offended. It may result in your account becoming banned or blocked. Certainly, you will face additional actions if you have committed serious offenses like attacking, hacking or causing distress for a person or company.
What is the importance of cyber laws
Like all other laws that help to protect people from probable problems, a cyber law protects organizations and people from cyber crimes which happen by malicious people on the internet. Also, it helps people to take actions against the ones who break the cyber laws and rules.
Cyber law terms
There are three main terms related to cyber laws:
- Information technology law: This law refers to digital information. It describes the way of gathering,storing and transmitting the information.
- Cyber law/internet law: As mentioned above, it deals with usage of the internet.
- Computer law: It consists of internet and laws which related to computer IP.
Cyber crime and cyber security
Areas that are related to cyber law are cyber crime and cyber security.
Cyber security: Cyber security helps business and people to protect themselves from cyber crimes. Also, it provides guidance to any one that might be vulnerable to cyber crime. In order to improve cyber security you should be aware of new security threats.
Cyber crime: It is a kind of crime that a computer is the object of crime or is used as a tool to commit it. Moreover, cyber crime can be committed against people, property, and government. Common types of cyber crimes including identity theft, hacking, online fraud, attacking on systems and etc.